Low-Power Wide-Area Network (LPWAN) or Low-Power Network (LPN) is a type of wireless telecommunication network designed to allow long range communications at a low bit rate among things (connected objects), such as sensors operated on a battery.[1][2]

Platforms and technologies[edit]

There are a number of competing standards and vendors in the LPWAN space, the most prominent of which include:

  • LoRa, proprietary, CSS modulation technology used for LPWAN patented by Semtech by LoRa Alliance used by LoRaWAN, Haystack Technologies, and Symphony Link.[3]On 16 June 2015 version 1.0 of the LoRaWAN specification was released.[4]
  • Haystack, a DASH7 Mode 2 development framework for low power wireless networks by Haystack Technologies.[5]
  • LTE Advanced for Machine Type Communications (LTE-MTC), an evolution of LTE communications for connected things by 3GPP.[6]
  • MySensors, DIY Home Automation framework supporting LoRa radios.
  • NarrowBand IoT, (NB-IOT), standardization effort by 3GPP for a LPWAN used in cellular networks,[7] that evolved from Huawei's NB-CIoT effort.[8]
  • NB-Fi Protocol, from WAVIoT.[9][10]
  • NWave, proprietary technology that also forms the basis of the Weightless protocols[11][12]
  • RPMA, Random Phase Multiple Access, technology from Ingenu,[13] formerly known as On-Ramp Wireless.
  • Senet, public LoRaWAN provider in North America.[14]
  • iFrogLab , public LoRaWAN and LoRa provider North America and Taiwan.[15]
  • Sigfox, UNB-based technology and French company.
  • Symphony Link, LoRa-based platform from Link Labs.[16]
  • ThingPark Wireless, platform from Actility (based on LoRaWAN specification).[17]
  • UNB, Ultra Narrow Band, modulation technology used for LPWAN by various companies including Telensa,[18] NWave,[19] Weightless-N[20] and Sigfox.[21]
  • Weightless, a set of communication standards from the Weightless SIG.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Beser, Nurettin Burcak. "Operating cable modems in a low power mode." U.S. Patent No. 7,389,528. 17 June 2008.
  2. ^ Schwartzman, Alejandro, and Chrisanto Leano. "Methods and apparatus for enabling and disabling cable modem receiver circuitry." U.S. Patent No. 7,587,746. 8 September 2009.
  3. ^ "LoRa Integration - Link Labs". Link Labs. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  4. ^ Version 1.0 of the LoRaWAN specification released.
  5. ^ "Framework Details". haystacktechnologies.com. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  6. ^ Flynn, Kevin. "Evolution of LTE in Release 13". www.3gpp.org. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  7. ^ "LTE-M, NB-LTE-M, & NB-IOT: Three 3GPP IoT Technologies To Get Familiar With". Link Labs. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  8. ^ Huawei. "Huawei and partners Leading NB-IoT Standardization -- PHOENIX, Sept. 21, 20 15 /PR Newswire UK/ --". www.prnewswire.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  9. ^ LPWAN (Low Power Wide Area Network) Market Report
  10. ^ WAVIoT
  11. ^ OpenSensors.io
  12. ^ NWave
  13. ^ "Ingenu's RPMA Technology". Ingenu. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  14. ^ Senet
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ "Symphony Link - Link Labs". Link Labs. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  17. ^ "ThingPark Wireless | Thingpark". www.thingpark.com. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  18. ^ "UNB Wireless - Telensa". Telensa. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  19. ^ "Nwave Network | Nwave". www.nwave.io. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  20. ^ "Weightless-N - Weightless". www.weightless.org. Retrieved 2016-02-01. 
  21. ^ "SIGFOX Technology". Retrieved 2016-02-01. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Lee, Chang-Jae, Ki-Seon Ryu, and Beum-Joon Kim. "Periodic ranging in a wireless access system for mobile station in sleep mode." U.S. Patent No. 7,194,288. 20 March 2007.
  • Quigley, Thomas J., and Ted Rabenko. "Latency reduction in a communications system." U.S. Patent No. 7,930,000. 19 April 2011.